Robert Lepage

Robert Lepage

Robert Lepage

Louisa Blair

Steve Blanchet

Peder Bjurman

Adèle Saint-Amand

Jean-Sébastien Côté

Laurent Routhier

Félix Fradet-Faguy

Sylvain Décarie

Ariane Sauvé

Jeanne Lapierre

Production Manager
Marie-Pierre Gagné

Production Assistant
Véronique St-Jacques

Technical Director
Paul Bourque

Tour Manager
Marylise Gagnon

Technical Director – Touring
Olivier Bourque

Stage Manager
Nadia Bélanger

Sound Manager
François Côté-Fortin

Lighting Manager
Nicolas Boudreau

Video Manager
Dominique Hawry

Costumes & Properties Manager
Isabel Poulin

Head Stagehand
Chloé Blanchet

Multimedia Integration
Nicolas Dostie

Technical Consultants
Catherine Guay, Tobie Horswill

Acting Consultant – Creative Process
Reda Guerinik

Set building
Astuce Décors

Director's Agent
Lynda Beaulieu

The performance is in English and partly in French, with Czech and English surtitles

An Ex Machina production commissioned by the Arts and Culture Program of the Toronto 2015 Pan Am and Parapan Am Games in co-production with
Le lieu unique, Nantes | La Comète – Scène nationale de Châlons-en-Champagne | Edinburgh International Festival | Århus Festuge | Théâtre de la Ville, Paris | Festival d’Automne à Paris | Romaeuropa Festival 2015 | Bonlieu Scène nationale Annecy | Ysarca Art Promotions – Pilar de Yzaguirre | Célestins, Théâtre de Lyon | SFU Woodward’s Cultural Programs, on the occasion of Simon Fraser University’s 50th Anniversary, Vancouver | Le Théâtre français – Ottawa National Arts Centre | Le Théâtre du Nouveau Monde, Montreal | Tokyo Metropolitan Theatre | Théâtre du Trident, Quebec City | La Coursive – Scène nationale La Rochelle | Canadian Stage, Toronto | Le Volcan-scène nationale du Havre | The Brooklyn Academy of Music, New York | The Bergen International Festival | The Barbican, London | Holland Festival, Amsterdam | Chekhov International Theatre Festival, Moscow | Les Théâtres de la Ville de Luxembourg | La Comédie de Clermont-Ferrand, scène nationale | Onassis Cultural Centre – Athens | Théâtre de Liège | Walker Art Center, Minneapolis | Cal Performances, Berkeley | Performas Produções, São Paulo | National Performing Arts Center, Kaohsiung | Royal Manitoba Theatre Centre, Winnipeg | Hong Kong Arts Festival | LG Arts Center, Seoul | Le Diamant, Quebec City | Theatre Royal Plymouth | Divadlo – International Theatre Festival, Pilsen | Schaubühne Berlín/Berlin | ‘Marin Sorescu’ National Theatre and Shakespeare Foundation, Craiova

Producer for Ex Machina
Michel Bernatchez; Associate Production – Europe, Japan: Richard Castelli – Epidemic; Associate Production – The Americas, Asia (except Japan), Australia, New Zealand: Menno Plukker Theatre Agent

Ex Machina is funded by the Canada Council for the Arts, the Conseil des arts et des lettres du Québec and the City of Quebec.

Speak White, poem © Michèle Lalonde 1968 – used with permission of Michèle Lalonde.

Michèle Lalonde’s poem is a dramatic direct response to the famous Speak White slogan, formerly used on North American plantations to command slaves to speak at all times the language of their white masters. This same expression was later used to urge French-speaking Canadians to speak English and remind them of their inferiority or subordinate position.

First performed on 14 August 2015 at the Saint Lawrence Center, Toronto.

A stroboscope will be used during performance.

Loud sound effects (bomb) during the performance.


887 is a journey into the realm of memory. The idea for this project originated from the childhood memories of Robert Lepage; years later, he plunges into the depths of his memory and questions the relevance of certain recollections. Why do we remember the phone number from our youth yet forget our current one? How does a childhood song withstand the test of time, permanently ingrained in our minds, while the name of a loved one escapes us? How does memory work? How does a personal memory resonate within the collective memory?

The play also focuses on oblivion, the unconscious, and this memory that fades over time and whose limits are compensated for by digital storage, mountains of data and virtual memory. In this era, how is theatre, an art based on the act of remembering, still relevant today?

All of these questions are distilled into a story where Lepage, somewhere between a theatre performance and a conference, reveals the suffering of an actor who – by definition, or to survive – must remember not only his text, but also his past, as well as the historical and social reality that has shaped his identity.

The themes of memory and theatre have always been closely connected, primarily because theatre is probably the form of expression that best embodies collective memory. The proof is that, throughout history, the first thing a totalitarian regime does to ensure the eradication of a culture is to burn the books – an act that’s usually followed by killing the singers, the storytellers and the actors who carry the living memory of songs, poems and theatrical works. In a more pragmatic way, memory is strongly tied to theatre because those practicing it must put a lot of effort into memorization. When an actor makes his or her first onstage debut, aren’t the first comments after the premiere usually ‘You’ve got a great memory!’ or ‘How did you learn all those lines?’ So it’s normal that cognitive decline and dementia are themes that are, at the very least, troubling for an actor. I never would have guessed that the exploration of personal memory I embarked on to create this show would lead me to the complexities of the class struggle and identity crisis of 1960s-era Quebec. It’s as though the most distant memories of personal events are incomplete if they don’t take into account the social context in which they happened. This show is, therefore, not the discourse of an adult promoting a cause but rather a journey into a pre-adolescent’s memory, where the political and the poetic are often conflated.

887 is, for me, a humble attempt to delve into a history with a small ‘h’ to better understand the one with the big ‘H’.
– Robert Lepage

The stage becomes the site of memory. Lepage (assisted by an offstage team) adroitly manipulates scale replicas and actual-sized sets, representing private and public spaces: the facade of his apartment block, like a giant doll’s house, opens windows on to family lives; Quebec’s Parc des Braves appears, laid out on a table wheeled against a pictured cityscape; a taxi driver drinks Coca-Cola in a 1960s diner; Lepage studies the poem in his 2010s kitchen. Is he memorising the lines, or his own life, or the life of his country and the lines that connect them?
– Claire Brennan, The Guardian

The opening is a little like being buttonholed by a guy at a party before you’ve even had a drink, but his line of chat is so persuasive that eventually you forget about the drink, the party and pretty much everything except the world he’s creating with his words. (...)

Mr. Lepage has never been an especially modest artist. He’s the guy who recently gave BAM a nearly nine-hour meditation on the human voice and spent $16 million creating a spectacular and largely disliked ‘Ring’ cycle for the Metropolitan Opera. But ‘887’ has a lot less ‘Götterdämmerung’ than much of his work, and its best moments share a childlike simplicity, as when he stands just to the side of the model apartment house and watches a miniature version of his beloved father’s taxi drive away, its sign mournfully ablaze. There are many technological marvels – a signature of Mr. Lepage’s work – but they’re humanely scaled and rarely deployed for their own sake. Raw emotional force builds from the accretion of slight moments of remembrance and discovery.
– Alexis Soloski, The New York Times

ROBERT LEPAGE The multidisciplinary artist, Robert Lepage is all at once an actor, a director, a playwright and a stage director. Hailed by international critics, his original, contemporary and unusual works, inspired by recent history, transcend borders and challenge the standards of scenic writing, particularly through the use of new technologies. From a very early age, Robert Lepage takes a keen interest in geography, but his growing passion for theatre dictates his choice of career: he enrolls at the Conservatoire d’art dramatique de Québec in 1975. After an internship with Alain Knapp in Paris in 1978, he returns to his hometown, where he develops the great artistic versatility for which he is known. The year 1994 marks an important step in his career: he founds Ex Machina, a multidisciplinary creation company of which he is the artistic director. Also under his leadership, the multidisciplinary production center, La Caserne, is created in June 1997, in Quebec City. This last creative space sees the birth of almost all of Ex Machina’s productions until 2019. Robert Lepage’s visionary side and will to create led him to promote and implement the construction of Le Diamant theatre in the heart of Quebec City. Inaugurated in August 2019, this new and unique cultural venue is intended to be an anchor point for the public, emerging artists and creators from all horizons. His most significant works include: the plays, The Seven Streams of the River Ota and The Dragons’ Trilogy; his solos, The Far Side of the Moon and 887; the operas, The Damnation of Faust and Wagner’s Der Ring des Nibelungen cycle; his multimedia works, The Image Mill and The Library at Night; Peter Gabriel’s shows, The Secret World Tour and The Growing Up Tour; and with Cirque du Soleil, KÀ and TOTEM.

EX MACHINA Ex Machina is a multidisciplinary production company under the artistic direction of Robert Lepage. In 1994, when Robert Lepage asked his collaborators to help find a name for his new company, he had one condition: the word theatre could not be part of the name. Ex Machina is thus a multidisciplinary company bringing together actors, writers, set designers, technicians, opera singers, puppeteers, computer graphic designers, video artists, contortionists and musicians. Ex Machina’s creative team believes that the performing arts – dance, opera, music – should be mixed with recorded arts – filmmaking, video art and multimedia. That there must be meetings between scientists and playwrights, between set painters and architects, and between artists from Quebec and the rest of the world. New artistic forms will surely emerge from these gatherings. Ex Machina wants to rise to the challenge and become a laboratory, an incubator for a form of theatre that will reach and touch audiences from this new millennium.